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    Visiting Research Scientist
  Arthur G. Shapiro received a B.A. in Mathematics and Psychology from U.C. San Diego, and a Ph.D. in Psychology from Columbia University. He conducted post-doctoral research at the University of Chicago in the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science. Dr. Shapiro is currently an Associate Professor in Psychology at Bucknell University and is affiliated with Bucknell's Program in Neuroscience.

Dr. Shapiroís research is in the area of visual perception. He uses psychophysical techniques to investigate color, motion, visual camouflage, and low-light-level vision. He is best known for creating a series of visual phenomena ("illusions") that have arisen from this research. The illusions serve to elucidate the connections between perception, the brain, and the physical world, and have been regularly recognized in international contests associated with vision science conferences. Many of his illusions can be seen on his demo page,, and at his blog,