Dr. Robert Hoffman
The distinction between microcognition and macrocognition, which was proposed in the mid-1980s in Cognitive Systems Engineering for industrial process control, is emerging as a topic of considerable interest, especially with regard to issues of measurement of performance and effectiveness of human-machine systems that are conducting cognitive work in complex sociotechnical contexts. Macrocognition, as a viewpoint and set of methodological presuppositions, contrasts Cognitive Field Research with traditional experimentation of the psychology laboratory. At the same time that the notion of macrocognition has sparked interest, it has generated considerable controversy. This presentation will introduce the basic of deas of macrocognition and the state-of-the-art in its applications.